San Francisco Expansion

Invention of Elevators Added Vertical Axis to the Cities

As Rem Koolhaas has argued, the invention of elevators has let the cities to grow in vertical axis. This verticality in modern cityscapes has removed the connection of the higher levels from their site, their landscape. However, it has created other opportunities in the voids among the towers.
As Rem Koolhaas has argued, the invention of elevators has let the cities to grow in vertical axis. This verticality in modern cityscapes has removed the connection of the higher levels from their site, their landscape. However, it has created other opportunities in the voids among the towers.

Potential for Expansion in other Axis

The adjacent of highrises in the downtown  have potential to develop new connections with their neighbors. The neighbors of two towers might see each other everyday from their units without being able to have closer contact.
The adjacent highrises in the downtown have potential to develop new connections with each other. The neighbors of two towers might see each other everyday from their units without being able to have closer contact.

Embarcadero, A New Relationship Between the Adjacent Towers 

San Francisco has always been interested in developing public spaces in the cityscape. Embarcadero is a good example which spans among the towers in the downtown creating an elevated connection among them. However, Due to lack of easy and visible accesses both from the street and from the towers the project has not been very successful.
San Francisco has always been interested in developing public spaces in the cityscape. Embarcadero is a good example which spans among the towers in the downtown creating an elevated connection among them. However, Due to lack of easy and visible accesses both from the street and from the towers the project has not been very successful.

POPOs Elevated Landscapes

The other example for expanding public spaces above the ground are roof-garden POPOs. However, due to lack of easy access to these spaces(the only access is from the street, passing the building security and reception), they have not been very successful.
The other example for expanding public spaces above the ground are roof-garden POPOs. However, due to lack of easy access to these spaces(the only access is from the street, passing the building security and reception), they have not been very successful.
SunTerrace POPO
SunTerrace POPO

Market Street, Focus of New Developments

Due to high population density of San Francisco, there are several new projects going on which are mostly housing. Market street especially the area which has been deactivated for long time is targeted for new projects.
Due to high population density of San Francisco, there are several new projects going on which are mostly housing. Market street, especially the area which has been deactivated for a long time, is targeted for new projects.

Expansion of Units in Existing Buildings

The city planning department has also considered expansion of units in existing buildings.
The city planning department has also considered expansion of units in existing buildings.

San Francisco is architecturally a conservative city which has also intention for expansion. The city administration is interested and flexible in applying the ideas and strategies that liven the city. In this thesis, I am targeting to look for urban strategies that can exploit the spatial opportunities among the towers in downtown. As invention of elevator expand the cityscape vertically, what other technique can expand the city in the void spaces among the towers? How the city can expand in other dimensions which can fulfill the intention of livening the city through better connectivity?

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